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Bus makers expand energy-saving and new energy bus capacities

by Li Xuelei

China’s key words of environmental protection in 2012 and 2013 are PM 2.5 pollution index, and more bus makers are expanding their production capacities of energy-saving and new energy bus products.

According to incomplete statistics of cvworld.cn, the production capacities of China’s bus enterprises (planning, building and newly built) were 272,500 units in 2012, 17,000 units more than the total sales in 2012, with 45,500 units capacity launched already.

Of the total capacities, 154,000 units were new energy and clean energy products, including 28,000 units of pure electric buses. Thirteen out of the 19 enterprises in statistics were building new energy and clean energy buses.

Newly built and expanded capacities represent the developing demand of bus enterprises in China. For example, being constrained by under capacity for years, the new 30,000 units production capacity of Yutong Bus Co., Ltd. will become a boost to the quick developing enterprise.

Zhongtong Bus Co., Ltd. launched a 20,000 units production base in 2012 with energy-saving and new energy buses as main products. Ankai Bus also launched two new production assemblies to make new energy and clean energy buses with a combined output capacity of 9,000 units.

After being merged by Weichai Power, Yaxing Bus Co., Ltd. started to build a 20,000 units bus production base.

The 272,500 units production capacities are comparatively scattered, including many new comers and non-mainstream enterprises.

It is doubtful that if those enterprises with sales totaled hundreds and thousands units could truly recover the cost in this capacity expanding competition. According to an executive of a bus enterprise, the real intention of many bus makers is to enclose land and wait for land value appreciation.

 

Newly launched bus production bases and projects

Make

Location

Capacity (in units)

Introduction

Yutong Bus

Zhengzhou, Henan

30,000

The 10,000 units energy-saving and new energy bus production base was put into operation in November 2012 with 20,000 units newly added capacity in 2013

King Long United Automotive

Shaoxing, Zhejiang

3,000

The 3,000 units 6-7 meters medium bus and school bus production base was put into operation on March 23, 2012 with annual production value of ¥700 million ($112 million)

Ankai Bus

Hefei, Anhui

6,000

Launch date: September 4, 2012; Investment: ¥1.5 billion; Estimated finishing time: April 2014; Capacities: 6,000 new energy buses, 12,000 bus key power assemblies, 150,000 new energy bus key power assemblies

Dazhou, Sichuan

3,000

Estimated investment:¥1.4 billion; In process of government approval

 

 

Make

Location

Capacity (in units)

Introduction

Youngman Bus

Jinan, Shandong

3,000

Main products: new energy buses; Estimated annual sales revenue: ¥6 billion

Zhongtong Bus

Liaocheng, Shandong

20,000

Planned investment: ¥400 million

Hengtong Electric Bus

Chongqing

2,000-4,000

Investment: ¥1 billion; Put into operation in 2012

Wuzhoulong Bus

Shenyang, Liaoning

20,000

Phase I finished on May 1, 2012; Phase II to be put into operation in 2013

Shaolin Bus

Zhengzhou, Henan

30,000

Light bus project has been approved and is under construction

Zongda Bus

Yancheng, Jiangsu

5,000

Approved by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology on July 18, 2012

 

 

Make

Location

Capacity (in units)

Introduction

Chery Bus

Guiyang, Guizhou

30,000

Phase I: ¥1.2 billion investment and 10,000 units capacity, to be finished in April 2013; Phase II: 30,000 units capacity in 2020

FAW Bus

Changchun, Jilin

12,500

Put into operation on September 28, 2012

Hanlong Bus

Hanzhong, Shaanxi

30,000

Launch time: March 21, 2012; Investment: ¥1.5 billion; Finishing time: in 3 to 5 years

Lianfu Group

Tsitsihar, Heilongjiang

10,000

First bus rolled off the production line on July 18, 2012; Phase I: 3,000 new energy buses and 100,000 bus electric motors; Phase II: 5,000 new energy buses and 300,000 bus electric motors; Phase III: 10,000 new energy buses, 1 million bus electric motors and 100 MW Solar PV

 

 

Make

Location

Capacity (in units)

Introduction

Sichuan Bus

Chengdu, Sichuan

3,000

Finished time: April 27, 2012; Investment: ¥310 million; To develop and produce 6-12 meters city buses and long-distance buses

BYD

Tianjin

10,000

Investment: ¥2 billion; Phase I: 10,000 new energy large buses

Weichai Yaxing

Yangzhou, Jiangsu

20,000

Finishing time: March 2013

Changlong Bus

Jiangyin, Jiangsu

20,000

Launch time: August 21, 2012; Investment: ¥5 billion; Estimated annual sales revenue: ¥18 billion

 

 

Make

Location

Capacity (in units)

Introduction

Foshan Feichi

Foshan, Guangdong

5,000

Phase I: Investment ¥555 million; Main products: energy-saving buses, LNG buses, to be put into operation in two years; Phase II: Main products: BEV, hybrid buses; Estimated annual sales revenue: ¥4 billion

Boneng Shangrao

Shangrao, Jiangxi

8,000

Investment: ¥350 million; Launch time: July 28, 2012; 2,000 estimated capacity in 2017

(Rewritten by Jennifer Chen based on author’s article on cvworld.cn)

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