China held the Fourth Annual Session of the 12th National People’s Congress (NPC) and the Fourth Session of the 12th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) from March 3 to 16 in Beijing. Delegates and members from the automobile industry submitted motions and proposals at the two sessions with emissions standards and logistics major concerns of commercial vehicle industry executives. Below are some highlights of the proposals. – Editor
Yan Ping: Unify Beijing-VI and State-VI standards and postpone State-VI implementation
Yan Ping, chairman of Guangxi Yuchai Machinery Co., Ltd. (Yuchai) and NPC delegate, proposed to unify the enforcement time of the Beijing-VI and State-VI emissions standards. “Implementation time should be postponed to 2022 if the State-VI emissions standards were released in 2016,” said Yan. The chairman suggested the country release the State-VI standards as early as possible and grant enough time for enterprises to conduct R&D and verification work.
Zhang Yingcen: Halve highway toll fees for natural gas trucks
The government should provide favorable policies to LNG heavy-duty trucks and other types of natural gas vehicles in addition to electric vehicles, suggested Zhang Yingcen, NPC delegate and chairman of Henan Tianlun Group, an enterprise focusing on real estate and natural gas business. Zhang suggested the government to fill the ¥80,000-¥100,000 ($12,307-$15,384) price difference gap between LNG trucks and diesel trucks with the same horsepower. “The Shanxi Province has halved the highway toll fees and other fees for natural gas vehicles, and the initiative should be promoted nationwide,” said Zhang.
Zhang also proposed the government to set a 1:0.6 price ratio for diesel and natural gas and reduce and exempt taxes for LNG plants, terminal stations, storage and distribution stations, and gas filling stations and simplify approval procedures of gas filling stations.
Zhu Jianmin: Gradually ban hazardous chemical road transportation
Zhu Jianmin, chairman of Liaoning Oxiranchem Co., Ltd. and CPPCC member, proposed to further restrict hazardous chemicals transportation in aspects such as road sections, transportation time and loading and gradually ban road transportation of hazardous goods.
According to statistics released by the State Administration of Work Safety and fire departments, 77 percent of hazardous accidents occurred during transportation and only 9 percent in the storage stage, which means transportation of hazardous goods has become the highest risk section.
Zhu suggested a comprehensive improvement of the hazardous chemical industry, for example, to request new hazardous chemical enterprises to be constructed in individual chemical industry parks that are far from residential areas, and close down or relocate existing hazardous chemical enterprises with major source of hidden dangers.
Huang Yangxu: Reduce highway charges
Huang Yangxu, vice chairman of Guangdong Guanhao High-Tech Co., Ltd. and NPC delegate, brought a motion to reduce highway charges and lower logistics cost for enterprises. Relevant statistics show that 30 percent of China’s cargo prices were logistics costs, which hindered the development of medium- and small enterprises.
Half of China’s 40,000-km highway started toll-by-weight since 2004 to reduce overloading but largely cut the profit of carriers. Thus, Huang suggested the government to reinforce the audit of highway construction and operational cost and lower the overall highway operational cost, gradually cut and finally stop charging highway toll fees and reduce the weight toll rates as well.
Peng Lin: Exempt bus tolls during important public holidays
Peng Lin, director of communication department of the Sichuan Province, Party secretary of Leshan city and NPC delegate, suggested exempting tolls for buses with seven or more seats during important public holidays and resume charges for private cars to promote public transport. Peng also suggested a price cut to buses during the holidays. Peng proposed peak shifting travels by implementing differentiated charging policies such as season price and peak-time price rules. Free highway coupons to private cars on normal days can also be an alternative, said Peng.
An Jin: Infrastructure facilities top priority
An Jin, chairman of Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd. and NPC delegate, brought a motion to strengthen the establishment of infrastructure facilities, such as charging poles to promote the usage of new energy vehicles.
Li Xiangbin: Provincial-level subsidy for new energy buses
Li Xiangbin, deputy director of customer service center of Hefei Public Transportation Bus Group and NPC delegate, raised a motion to introduce subsidy policies to energy-saving and new energy buses in the provincial level.
Wang Xin: Promote the reform of oil system
Wang Xin, chairman of Changchun Hongda Hi-Tech Group Co., Ltd. and CPPCC member, proposed to apply market-based tools such as taxes and fees to adjust oil prices instead of administrative measures such as ceiling price and floor price. The ultimate approach of price adjustment is to promote reformation of oil system and a market of orderly competition.
Li Weihua: Promote the integration of urban and rural passenger transport
“The integration of urban and rural passenger transport is a key element of urbanization,” said Li Weihua, chairman of Anhui Industry and Commerce Federation and CPPCC member. Li suggested including urban and rural passenger transport integration into the project for people’s well-being, clarifying the public service orientation of urban and rural transportation, establishing pubic finance security and operational assessment subsidy mechanism, and allocating more subsidies to destitute areas in Middle West China. Li also suggested local governments to include urban public transportation as well as urban and rural passenger transport into a unified planning. Evaluation result of safety, service and quality of urban and rural passenger transport should be the basis of financial subsidy, said Li.