Chinese central and local governments will keep on promoting energy-saving and emissions reduction in the commercial vehicle industry in 2016 with policies focusing on emissions reduction, yellow-labeled vehicle elimination, new energy vehicles, logistics and auto parts.
The State-V emissions standards kick off
Beijing has led the emissions standards upgrading by implementing the Beijing-V emissions standards starting from June 1, 2015. The standards set stricter NOx and particle emissions limits, added new pollutant control index and have higher requirement on particle quantities. The Super Beijing-V emissions standards even require vehicles to equip with diesel particle filters (DPF), which is close to the Euro-VI emissions standards.
All diesel engine heavy-duty vehicles were required to meet the State-V emissions standards by the end of 2015 and those failed to do so would not be allowed to be registered and sold in Beijing.
The Guangdong Province (except the Pearl River Delta region) has implemented the State-V emissions standards for motor vehicles starting from July 1, 2015, while the Pearl River Delta region was urged to enforce State-V standards no later than December 31, 2015. Cities in eastern, western and northern Guangdong are requested to implement the standards no later than June 30, 2016.
Tianjin started to implement State-V standards on September 1, 2015 for light gasoline vehicles. Public transport buses, diesel engine heavy-duty sanitary and post vehicles were also requested to enforce the standards starting from June 1, 2015.
Shanghai started to implement State-V emissions standards on April 30, 2014 for light gasoline vehicles and diesel engine heavy-duty public buses, sanitary and post vehicles.
Yellow-labeled vehicle elimination timetable
Xiamen of Fujian, Huizhou of Guangdong, Wuzhong district of Jiangsu, Shenzhen, Shandong Province and Hangzhou of Zhejiang announced to cease yellow-labeled vehicle elimination subsidies after December 31, 2015, to urge yellow-labeled vehicle owners to eliminate their vehicles before 2016.
Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, on the other hand, is allocating subsidies on vehicle types and stages. For example, yellow-labeled vehicles registered before the end of 2005 were required to be eliminated by the end of 2015. The city claimed to eliminate all yellow-labeled vehicles by the end of 2017 in three stages. The first stage was before December 31, 2015, the second stage is from January 1 to December 31, 2016, and the third stage from January 1 to December 31, 2017.
Tianjin allocated full subsidies to yellow-labeled vehicles eliminated by the end of 2015. Those eliminated from January 1 to March 31, 2016 will receive 50 percent of the subsidy amount. All yellow-labeled vehicles are banned from entering the inner city with ¥200 ($30.48) in fines for violators.
Guiyang, Guizhou Province stimulated yellow-labeled vehicle owners to eliminate their vehicles as soon as possible, and those that apply for elimination can only receive 80 percent of the subsidies after January 1, 2016.
More cities are restricting access of vehicles to accelerate the elimination of yellow-labeled vehicles. For example, Beijing began to restrict yellow-labeled vehicles from entering the administrative areas starting from January 1, 2015. Shanghai also restricted yellow-labeled vehicles from entering certain regions from April 1, 2015.
Jiangmen, Guangdong Province started to ban yellow-labeled vehicles on January 15 this year.
Hefei, Anhui Province started to prohibit yellow-labeled vehicles from entering the city’s 2nd ring road on July 1, 2015 and yellow-labeled vehicles will be banned entirely from the city by July 1, 2016.
Subsidy standards for NEVs in different cities
The Shanxi Province requests 40 percent of newly added or updated vehicles of government fleets, public buses, taxis, and sanitary, logistics, airport commute and patrol vehicles in Taiyuan and Jicheng to be new energy vehicles with 30 percent of them battery electric vehicles from 2014 to 2016. The percentage of NEVs should be no less than 30 in cities such as Datong, Jinzhong, Changzhi and Yuncheng. Other cities in Shanxi Province are requested to own at least 10, 20 and 30 percent NEVs among whole vehicle parc respectively. New energy vehicles should take up at least 20 percent of newly purchased vehicles of state-owned enterprises and the application percentage will be gradually increased after 2017.
Shenyang, Liaoning Province plans to develop 10,000 NEVs with 120 charging stations and 7,200 charging poles by 2020, according to the Shenyang NEV Application Planning (2015-2020) released on November 16, 2015.
The Hefei municipal government announced to reduce charging fees for operating electric vehicles starting from December 1, 2015. For example, charging service fee of DC quick charging pole has been reduced from ¥0.9/kWh to ¥0.75/kWh, and AC charging service fee has been adjusted from ¥0.63/kWh to ¥0.53/kWh. Battery swap service fee for electric buses has also been reduced from ¥1.5/km to ¥1.4/km. Charging service fees are exempted at non-professional and non-operational charging poles, according to the government.
The Fujian Expressway Co., Ltd. will team up with the State Grid’s Fujian electricity company to establish quick-charging stations in service areas in the province with the first batch of 56 stations located in Shenhai, Fuyin and Jingtai areas. Each quick-charging station will be equipped with two 120-kW charging sets and four charging poles, which are capable of charging four small vehicles at the same time. The stations will also be expanded to eight charging poles depending on market demand.
According to Cai Yu, deputy director of Shenzhen’s development and reform commission, the city requests EVs to account for at least 2-3 percent of total vehicle parc. Shenzhen is endeavoring to realize overall electrification for its public transport vehicles in three years and 50 percent of electrification for light logistics vehicles in five years.
The Yunnan Grid will set up charging facilities in public bus stops, shopping malls, and auditoriums in seven major cities including Kunming, Dali and Lijiang.
More detailed logistics policies
Six policies for the logistics industry have been implemented starting from February 1, 2016 covering all aspects of the industry: the Alcoholic Commodity Logistics Information Trace Management Requirement, the Catering Cold Chain Logistics Service Specifications, the Logistics Specialist Vocational Ability Requirements Part I: Storage, Delivery Operation and Operations Management and Part II: Transportation, Transportation Operations and Management, the Technical Requirements for Commercial Vehicle Carrying Vehicles, and the Auto Parts Logistics Equipment Classifications and Coding.
Auto parts unified coding national standards
The China Standardization Administration released the Auto Parts Unified Coding and Identification (GB/T32007-2015) on September 11, 2015 and will officially enforce the standards in 2016. The standards regulate the coding principle, data structure, symbolic representation method of auto parts unified coding, and adapts to the formation of auto parts unified coding, information collection and data exchange. The standards provide technical methods for auto repair market regulation, enterprise management efficiency improvement, operation cost reduction, auto parts quick search for customers and the establishment of auto parts tracing.