Annual sales of new energy vehicles (NEVs) will account for at least 5 percent of total automobile demand in China in 2020 and 25 percent in 2025, according to Made in China 2025 released in May 2015.
The sales are expected to increase to more than 10 million units in 2030. China will become the second largest NEV market in 2020 and the largest in 2025, according to global forecasts.
China also released promotional goal, type of vehicle models, core components, key generic technologies, demonstration initiatives and strategic supports in the sector in Made in China 2025.
China aims to build a market-oriented NEV industry system in 2020, which takes enterprises as main part with close combination among industry, universities, research institutions and vehicle use.
Local brand NEV sales will be more than 1 million units and market share of the vehicles reach over 70 percent in 2020. China will try to develop the power battery and driving systems that can compete with global state-of-the-art products. The share of the systems is expected to reach 80 percent in domestic market in 2020.
NEV sales will reach 3 million units in 2025 and local brand NEVs’ market share will be over 80 percent. Hydrogen processing and refueling infrastructure will be improved, paving the way for regional, small-scale operation of FCVs.
China will give priority to PHEVs, BEVs and FCVs. Fuel consumption of hybrids (excluding extended-range vehicles) will be cut by 25 percent in 2020.
Power consumption of small BEVs will be decreased to less than 12.8 kWh/100 km, while that of electric buses less than 3.2 kWh/100 km in 2020.
Thirty percent of fuel-cell battery materials and core components will be made domestically in 2020 and the proportion will be increased to 50 percent in 2025 and 70 percent in 2030.
Core components and generic technologies
China will attach great importance to development of core components, such as electric motors, motor controllers, power battery systems, fuel-cell battery systems and electric pile, mechanical and electrical combination systems, high voltage wire assembly, vehicle control units and body weight reduction, and generic technologies, including vehicle integration, electric drive system, energy storage system and high voltage electrical system.
China will start demonstration initiatives for BEVs, PHEVs, FCVs, renewable energies, smart power grids, smart communities and intelligent, green manufacturing of NEV core components. The government will set up a fund for innovation and demonstration of NEVs, carry out sustainable, feasible tax break policies for NEVs and reward policies for companies which meet Corporate Average Fuel Consumption (CAFC) standards, increase investment in core components R&D and build a research institution for basic, generic NEV technologies.
Intelligent connected vehicles
The market share of local brand driver assistance (DA) vehicles, partial automated (PA) vehicles and highly automated (HA) vehicles is expected to reach at least 50 percent in 2025.
China will focus on development of intelligent information service system and DA, PA, HA and fully automated (FA) driving vehicles. It will also attach great importance to core components, such as vehicle optical system, radar system, high precision positioning system, Internet terminals and integrated control system, and generic technologies including multisource information fusion technology, coordinated control technology, data security, operating system, human-machine interface (HMI) system and infrastructure construction.
A research institution and innovation center for generic technology of intelligent connected vehicles will be built. The government will set up special funds to support intelligent connected vehicle development and industrialization.