“Around 80 to 90 percent of heavy-duty trucks entering Beijing at night are State-I, II and III-emissions standards-compliant vehicles simply wearing State-IV emissions standards labels,” said Li Kunsheng, director of motor vehicle emissions administration from Beijing’s Environmental Protection Bureau at the recently held 2015 International Forum (TEDA) on Chinese Automotive Industry Development. The situation may be worse in other provinces especially tier-3 and -4 cities as well as rural areas where government supervision is insufficient.
The country plans to enhance supervision on emissions reduction and standards upgrading by releasing the new Prevention and Control of Air Pollution Law (the Law) on January 1, 2016.
The State Council will require the whole country to adopt State-V emissions standards-compliant diesel starting from January 1, 2017. In fact, it is not the first time that the government made such statements. But in reality the country has been doing badly in practice.
Exhaust gas after-treatment systems should be replaced every 70,000-80,000 km in order to meet emissions standards. However most truck owners admitted that they have never upgraded after-treatment systems and their vehicles pass annual inspections through bribing inspection bodies. Exhaust gas after-treatment system manufacturers also mentioned that their major business is supplying automakers with almost no customer demand from auto repair and maintenance market.
Dealers cannot simply sell unqualified State-IV products without the assistance of truck manufacturers, and strict control on product quality before market launch is the key in supervision.
Moreover, in-factory spot-checking should be collaborated with long-term and effective road real-time monitoring and the government should expand supervision while the vehicles are operating. Customers that use unqualified State-IV products should receive severe punishment, and those that suffer losses due to the punishment would no longer purchase unqualified vehicles, which would grant real State-IV, V and VI products better prospects.
In fact, both the government and truck manufacturers that produce authentic State-IV emissions standards-compliant vehicles are eager for stricter supervision on emissions reduction and standards upgrading. According to Willi Li, managing director of BLG Logistics (Beijing) Co., Ltd., the government is considering more of truck manufacturers’ suggestions while laying down the laws and supervision procedures because truck manufacturers know best how to supervise service conditions of high emissions standards vehicles.