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China auto sales down 16.4 percent, YTD sales fall 13 percent

BEIJING – China’s auto sales fell 16.4 percent in May to 1.91 million units, the 11th consecutive month in which auto sales have fallen since last July, according to data released by China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM) on June 12.

Passenger vehicle sales in May dropped 17.37 percent to 1.56 million units, while commercial vehicle sales were down 11.79 percent to 351,400 units. 

The top 10 automakers by sales in May were SAIC, Dongfeng, FAW, GAC, BAIC, Chang’an, Geely, Great Wall, Brilliance and Chery. Their combined sales were 1.7 million units, accounting for 89.06 percent of total automobile sales. 

Sales of passenger cars in May reached 784,300 units, down 16.58 percent year-on-year. The top 10 passenger car makers by sales were FAW-VW, SAIC-GM, SAIC-VW, Dongfeng-Nissan, FAW-Toyota, GAC-Honda, Geely, GAC-Toyota, Beijing-Benz and Dongfeng-Honda. Combined sales of these 10 companies were 584,000 units, accounting for 74.46 percent of total passenger car sales. The Volkswagen Lavida still ranked No. 1 on the list of top 10 best-selling car models in May by selling 35,800 units, followed by the Nissan Sylphy (34,200 units) and the Toyota Corolla (32,400 units). 

SUV sales were 642,600 units in May, a decrease of 15.59 percent. The top 10 SUV makers by sales in the month were SAIC-VW, Great Wall, Geely, Dongfeng-Nissan, FAW-VW, Dongfeng-Honda, Chang’an, SAIC PC, Chery and SAIC-GM. Combined sales of these 10 companies were 363,800 units, accounting for 56.61 percent of total SUV sales. The Haval H6, again, maintained its No. 1 position among the top 10 best-selling SUVs in May with sales of 25,500 units. No. 2 and No. 3 belonged to Volkswagen Tiguan and Nissan X-Trail, with sales of 21,600 and 16,600 units respectively. 

Sales of MPVs were down 22.4 percent to 107,900 units in May. The top 10 MPV makers by sales in the month were SAIC-GM-Wuling, SAIC-GM, BYD, Dongfeng, GAC-Honda, Dongfeng-Honda, Geely, GAC Motor, Chang’an and SAIC Maxus with combined sales of 96,000 units, taking up 88.97 percent of total MPV sales. 

Microvan sales came to 26,400 units in May, down 46.03 percent from the same period of last year.

Chinese brand passenger vehicle sales reached 564,600 units in May, a slip of 28.11 percent on a yearly basis, taking up 36.17 percent of total passenger vehicle sales.  

Sales of German, Japanese, American, Korean and French brand passenger vehicles were 382,700, 372,000, 156,200, 59,800 and 9,800 units respectively in May, accounting for 24.51, 23.83, 10.01, 3.83 and 0.63 percent of total passenger vehicle sales. Compared with the previous month, sales of Japanese and American brands saw slight increase, while the rest three foreign brands all experienced decrease in May sales. 

In the commercial vehicle segment in May, bus sales reached 35,000 units, down 25.65 percent from the same period of last year, while truck sales reached 316,400 units, down 9.93 percent year-on-year. 

New energy vehicle sales reached 104,400 units in May, up just 1.80 percent on a yearly basis. Of the total, battery electric vehicle sales were 83,200 units, an increase of 1.35 percent, while plug-in hybrid electric vehicle sales were 20,900 units, up 2.24 percent. 

In the first five month of the year, sales of automobiles were down 12.95 percent to 10.27 million units. Sales of passenger vehicles reached 8.40 million units, down 15.17 percent, while that of commercial vehicles were 1.87 million units, down 1.30 percent. 

The top 10 automakers by sales from January to May were SAIC, Dongfeng, FAW, BAIC, GAC, Chang’an, Geely, Great Wall, Brilliance and Chery. Their combined sales in the period reached 9.15 million units, taking up 89.15 percent of total automobile sales through to May. 

For sales of Chinese brand automobiles in the first five months of the year, the top 10 companies were SAIC, Geely, Chang’an, Dongfeng, Great Wall, BAIC, FAW, Chery, JAC and BYD with combined sales of 4.25 million units, accounting for 82.79 percent of total Chinese brand automobile sales in the period. 

New energy vehicle sales totaled 464,500 units through to May, up 41.51 percent, with battery electric vehicle sales reaching 360,900 units and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle sales 103,000 units, a growth of 44.07 and 32.70 percent respectively.

Data provided by China Automotive Power Battery Industrial Innovation Alliance showed that China’s total power battery production reached 37 GWh during the first five months of 2019, including 22.9 GWh of tertiary batteries and 12.2 GWh of iron-phosphate lithium batteries. A total of 61 power battery suppliers led by CATL, BYD and Lishen supplied batteries to automakers with the top 10 supplying 20.7 GWh of batteries, accounting for more than 88 percent of the total batteries equipped on NEVs during the period. K���

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